Sinkat Community Development Project and Port Sudan Organizational Development Program in Red Sea State in Sudan 1997-2003
The Sudanese Red Crescent Society has implemented the Sinkat Community Development Project since 1986 in response to food insecurity for the Beja nomads living in the Red Sea State of the Sudan. Sinkat locality is a chronically food insecure area, due to recurrent drought.The overall objective of the project was to re-establish the means of subsistence for up to 250.000 drought-affected Beja nomads or semi-nomads and to prepare both them and the environment they live in to cope with future climatic extremes through desertification control measures and diversification of local food production. Focus has been on rehabilitating existing water resources and constructing new ones including digging of haffirs - local dams. At the same time it was realized that the Sudanese Red Crescent organizational structure was weak and its role unclear. Therefore, by addressing food security through a development project and building the capacity of the Sudanese Red Crescent, it was expected that positive results and impact would occur.